Ortega v. Canada (Citizenship and Immigration), 2012 FC 182 (CanLII)
The applicants were Mexican citizens and brothers. They owned land which they rented to a tenant, later discovering that he was growing marijuana on it. When they reported the tenant, they were threatened, and fled to Canada.
The RPD found that the tenant had most likely belonged to the Beltran Leyva cartel. The RPD found that their story was implausible, but that even if it was true they had an IFA to Monterrey, which was run by the Zetas cartel.
Justice Shore found that the RPD had erred in its plausibility analysis by failing to consider all of the evidence which supported the applicant’s story, and making assumptions (e.g. that the principal applicant’s time in the US was “urban” and that it would not make sense for him to go into farming, when he had been involved in growing oranges in the US).
Furthermore, in the IFA fining, the RPD also ignored the evidence that the tenant had found the applicants previously twice.